Issue :   
November 2018 Edition of Power Politics is updated.         November 2018 Edition of Power Politics is updated.
Issue:November' 2018

BORDER SECURITY

Hi-tech fencing in place

RC Ganjoo

Aerostat system The Ministry of Home Affairs has launched high-tech surveillance system, named Smart Border Fencing Project, on the Indo-Pak border to cover the International Border ( IB) running along 202 km with Pakistan and the 740 km long Line of Control ( LoC) between Jammu and Kashmir and Pakistanioccupied Kashmir.
The project under the Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS), the first of its kind in the country, is aimed at making maximum use of technology to make the security system at the borders stronger and effective. "With the digital smart fencing, our borders would become absolutely safe. It would virtually make it impossible for the terrorists to breach it and infiltrate across the borders," said Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh

In recent years Pakistan has been responsible for 2855 incidents of crossborder firing and has claimed 109 lives. In 2018 Pakistan has violated over 1,432 times the cease-fire line on both LoC and IB, killing 59 security personnel and civilians.

The Indo-Pakistan border runs 3323 km along the Gujarat, Rajasthan, Punjab and Jammu & Kashmir states. A total 2,026 km border in Jammu & Kashmir is vulnerable. The pilot projects would help the BSF to detect and foil infiltration bids in most difficult terrains. The CIBMS is designed to guard stretches where physical surveillance is not possible.
For surveillance, different devices - Thermal Imager, UGS, Fibre Optical Sensors, Radar, Sensors - have been mounted on different platforms like Aerostat, tower, poles used for communication and data storage. With these high-tech types of equipment, the signals and images will be integrated by the Unified Command.
In recent years Pakistan has been responsible for 2855 incidents of cross-border firing. It has claimed 109 lives with 565 injured. In 2018 Pakistan has violated over 1,432 times the cease-fire line on both LoC and IB, killing 59 security personnel and civilians.
Finding gaps in the fencing and other vulnerabilities along the India-Pakistan border it was decided to recommend technological solutions to secure the international border. In consultation with the Indian Institute for Technology (IIT) a report was submitted on March 14, 2017 to MHA. "The best technology was introduced by two different companies - TATA Power SED and DAT COM of Slovenia - for CIBMS. Pakistan has China's technology and been frequently using UAV ( Unmanned Aerial Vehicles). "India is open to the Pakistan threat of infiltration of terrorists and violation of ceasefire line. Also, they have adopted hit-andrun trick on the border, said a