Issue :   
May 2020 Edition of Power Politics is updated.
Issue:May' 2020


Illegal mining

V.P. Prabhakar

Though there is no case of organised illegal mining in Haryana, sporadic cases of illegal mining/ transportation of illegally mined minerals do come to notice.
During the last nine years , 24,632 cases of illegal mining, including transportation of minerals without valid documents, were registered. In all, 427 vehicles were seized (from August 28, 2019 to December 31, 2019). The maximum number of vehicles, as much as 149, were seized in Yamunanagar district.
There are 119 mines in the state . Out of these, 76 mines have been allocated. Fifty-two mines, at present lying vacant, are to be allocated. Fiftyone are operational mines.

According to the Economic Survey of Haryana (2019-20), the mining operations are being allowed only after "Environmental Clearance" as per the requirement of an Environmental Impact Assessment (ETA) notification dated September 14, 2006, issued by the Central Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Changes, and the required consent to operate from the Haryana State Pollution Control Board.
At present, in Mahendragarh district, mining operations are undertaken by the respective leaseholders in Bakhriija, Amarpur Jorasi, Bayal, Munsota, Narnaul, Garbi and Mukundpura under valid mining leases after obtaining clearance from the competent authority. The CTO of the related authorities maintains regular vigil to ensure that mining is undertaken as per the rules and regulations and no damage is caused to the ecology.
Out of a total of 110 minor mineral mines, 76 mines have been allocated through the competitive bidding process up to October 2019. One stone mile of Khanak, Bhiwani district, has been granted to the HSIIDC, the state PSU, on the nomination basis in relaxation of the rules. The government has notified a district-level task force under the chairmanship of respective Deputy Commissioners with the Superintendent of Police and other related senior functionaries as members in each of the concerned district in order to monitor/stop any illegal mining and ensure compliance with the order of the Supreme Court. Further, the action taken by these task forces are reviewed by the statelevel task force under the chairmanship of the Chief Secretary.
Apart from checking by the Department of Mine and Geology, all other related departments such as forests, the Pollution Control Board, transport and police are taking appropriate steps to curb illegal mining.
Due to protected litigation pending before the Supreme Court, mining in the Aravali Hill areas of Faridabad, Gurugram and Mewat has been lying closed. Though stone mining in the disctricts of Mahendragarh, Charkhi Dadri and Bhiwani is taking place, still due to the shortage of construction material stone in particular is being met by the adjoining states also.
The recent receipts have been at a record level of Rs 712.87 crore in 2017-18. The revenue receipts collected were of the order of Rs. 583.20 crore in 2018-19.
In fifteen years, from 2005-06 to 2019-20 (upto November 2019), the revenue receipts collection from mining was of the order of Rs 3795.31 crore.