Issue :   
May 2020 Edition of Power Politics is updated.
Issue:May' 2020


Building 'Check dams'

Shobha Aggarwal

Fancy a situation that the fluid of life not flowing through your faucet one morning. Now, how do you anticipate to begin your day? How are you going to brush, use washroom, take bath or cook ? Oblivious of getting into such a state, your eyes must have witnessed so many instances of water wastage where you or someone else used it glibly without realising its importance.
Anyone of us would abhor to fall into such a situation. We depend on water for day to day needs of ours and

How are you going to brush, use washroom, take bath or cook ? Oblivious of getting into such a state, your eyes must have witnessed so many instances of water wastage where you or someone else used it glibly without realising its importance.

Tablighi Jamaat members in Delhi's Nizamuddin Markaz also for various micro-level physiological processes and reactions in our body that are vital for our existence. So, will we vanish, if water does? No longer can we sidestep the situation, we got to face it. What we need to do is to shun our lackadaisical attitude towards our ways of water usage and wastage.
Generation Z has to be made aware and prepared for taking appropriate actions. But then there one some like Greta Thunberg too, sixteen years old who launched 'Friday for future'. She is the teenage environmental activist whose complain against the climate change has gained international recognition. We actually need such teenagers to take steps to guard the environment, spread awareness and take initiatives against issues that are detrimental to the environment.
Her fight is against the climate changes that are taking place due to human activities around the world.
Climate changes has effect on monsoons too; thus influencing natural resources of water. Thereby adversely affecting irrigation of fields and yield both.
Unscrupulous usage of water has brought us into this situation of water crises. Globally 844 million people lack access to clean water. This basic necessity is the steppingstone to development.

Causes of water wastage.

• Leaking faucets and pipes:- If we calculate just 1 drop of water per second, we are wasting 8,000 gallons per year. Imagine the actual loss of water happening, it must be enormous amount.
• Urbanisation:-Tall trees and grasslands replaced by tall concrete buildings has left less open area for rain water to percolate into sub-layers of soil. Huge quantity of run-off water is wasted which storms the drains.
• Increasing Population:- With population explosion there is

increased demands of water for everything- Construction, agricultural industrial, household etc. Also the waste of water increases alongside. • Household Reasons:- At homes people washing half loads in dish washer and machine wash. RO treatment of water throws huge amount of water which ruins down the drain unattended without.
• Climate Change:- It has led to erratic rainfall pattern causing the untimely rainfall pattern causing the untimely rainfall or adequate rainfall when required.
• Pollution:- Industrial wastes in causing water to get polluted and making of unfit for drinking. • Destruction of catchment areas- Encroachment and destruction of such areas has led to low water percolation. Affects:
• Farmers around the country are resorting to suicides. • Lack of adequate drinking water- Due to misuse of water, sufficient potable water is not available.
• Draught- Not following water conservation has led to draught like condition in many areas.
• Sanitation- Sanitation problems cause difficulty in maintaining cleanliness and hygienic conditions making people susceptible to diseases and infections.

• Lack of education- water shortages keep children occupied carrying water for home needs. • Hunger and Starvation:- In areas having water shortages growing crops is difficult, therefore not sufficient food is available for people. Solutions:- We need to realize that finding solution is not enough but implementing them is only going to make difference.
• Conservation of catchment areas. • Compulsory rain water harvesting for land owners. • Prompt leak repair. • Stringent punishment to the offenders.
• Encouraging farmers to adopt agriculture practices requiring less water.
• Awareness- Continuous awareness and teaching the ways of judicious use of water to children from very young age, such as school days, can help solving problems for future.

To meet the current and future demands of fresh water, water conservation has been beautifully and successfully implemented in areas like Rajasthan, M.P. Maharashtra, Odisha, Dantewada (Chhattisgarh) etc. by the social activist Amla Ruia better known as 'Jal Devi'. Her work in these draught struck areas is astonishing. She has provided solution and economic help through the Aakar Charitable Trust founded by her. They help building 'Check dams' which collect rain water allowing the aquifers to be recharged during monsoons.
This is helping formers to grow three crops per year and keep livestock too, now. Girls too get time to attend school rather than fetching water from long distances. For her work she was also featured in 'Karamveer' series of KBC.
Similarly, AR Siva Kumar the principal investigator of rain water harvesting at Karnatka state council has been entirely dependent on rain water harvesting for the water needs of the house from last twenty years. He claims that of practiced throughout Karnataka for next twenty-five years the state can sustain itself with its available water resources.
We need to include all the policies, strategies and activities to sustainably manage the natural resources to protect hydrosphere. 'Jal Shakti Abhiyan' focus on the aspects likewater conservations and rain water harvesting, renovation of traditional and other water bodies (Boolies), reuse of water and recharging of structures, watershed development, and intensive afforestation. It was launched after inspiration from Prime Minister Narendera Modi's impetus on Jal Sanchay i.e water conservation.