Issue :   
June 2019 Edition of Power Politics is updated.    Wishing You All a Happy New Year.       June 2019 Edition of Power Politics is updated.
Issue:June' 2019

BOOK BAZAAR

Why not focus on facts ?

M. R. Dua

Thanks to US President Donald J. Trump’s attacks on America’s most wellknown news media, ‘fake news’ has now become a kind of by-word in America’s conversations. A deluge of books on fake news, now flood the university, public libraries and book stores all over the U.S.
The two books under review amply illustrate how very deeply has ‘fake news’psychologics crept into American life and culture. Michael Miller opines that this infamous phrase has birthed ‘proliferation of websites containing partially or wholly fictitious stories shared millions of times through social media.’
This author cautions the news consumers against the dangerous consequences of absorbing or discussing such non-concerns. He counsels readers inculcating discriminatory faculties to separate ‘truth from fiction.’
Miller’s technique ‘is to get more involved with what you view online, see or hear on broadcast media, and read in print. You’re the ultimate fact-checker.’ Separate sensational headlines – also called ‘clickbait’-- from legitimate and reputable news sources. Be wary of headlines with exaggerated claims – using capital, bold, italics—not used in genuine stories.
Miller’s is a very helpful book for newspersons and media practitioners who care for genuineness, authenticity and legitimacy of their work.
The second book, by Donald A. Barclay, lays redoubled emphasis on ‘how to find trustworthy information in the digital age’ since the digitization of everything in modern culture is ubiquitous, omni-present. Barclay tells us ‘how to identify’ deceptive information, shun misinformation, propaganda, rumours, and fibs that populate current markets to the alarming and could lead to the tragic, fatal consequences.
He lists ‘tricks and techniques that lower one’s information guard.’ Our problems get accelerated by these umpteen sophisticated digital technology tools now ruling the roast by flooring fake information, propaganda, machine-generated content, search engine-led political bots, including pictures, audio recordings, videoclips.
Moreover, there are bewildering varieties of technologies floating around deployed to generously deliver less credible output to effect misleading goals. Also, most of these ‘wonderful’ devices are unpatented, unregistered,most of these one-time-use brand, are instantly popular as these appeal to common people’s anger, greed, envy, pride, lust, fear, joyous emotions.

The author exposes how‘logical fallacies’ are used as ‘deception tools’ by placing among the local landscapes for lending conviction to the capacity meet cheating objectives... ‘they are built on errant reasoning.’ These include: individual’s personal flaw or appeal to ‘positive ideals (like religion, patriotism), appeal to authority, bias confirmation, morals, genetic fallacy, etc.
In the digital age, it’s imensely crucial to adequately evaluate sources’ origin and their timeline, media and users’ views, statistical analysis, etc. Seeking exact and apt obscure information by scholars to support their research dissertations, theses are also often illusory and confounding. Therefore, to ensure authenticity for standard research results requires seeking material from authentic scholarly published papers, books,and academically supported from established scientific methods.
Besides, there are several spurious research journals around, hasty access to these can land research projects to disaster – thesis, dissertation rejection. Caution in selecting and receiving information from reference literature—journals, monographs, database, software, scholarly papers and publications—would go a long way producing perfect results.
Both these books are indeed timely, and can appropriately equip common readers, media persons and other professionals to perform in life with prime efficiency and competence.